Unprotected sun exposure damages the skin and eyes, and can cause premature aging, age spots, and even cancer. Follow our tips and reap the benefits of sunbathing without suffering the consequences.
The unprotected sun exposure causes damage that accumulates daily on the skin. This memory effect, ie the excessive sunlight is recorded on the skin and, when there has been a burn on the body, with the passage of time can cause premature aging of the skin or, depending on the severity, cause various injuries like spots, allergies, cancer , etcetera.
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Therefore, it is best to prevent these situations using appropriate sunscreens, and following a series of guidelines and apply them half an hour before sun exposure, replacing the product regularly, and avoiding the hours of maximum light intensity (between 12 and 4 pm).
Effects of the sun on the skin
The sun helps to maintain good health, as it brings physical and emotional benefits such as:
- Activate circulation.
- Promote the synthesis of vitamin D3 (increases the absorption of calcium and phosphorus).
- Strengthen bones.
- Boost the immune system.
Also, the sun influences the mood, as it balances the nervous system and helps fight depression.
How it is produced tanning
By exposing the skin to sunlight, the body begins to produce a pigment called melanin, which absorbs the rays and causes the skin to turn against the sun tan tone. But this natural defense mechanism of the organism is not sufficient to counteract the harmful effects of the two types of ultraviolet (UV) radiation reaching the surface of the skin:
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- UVA: They are responsible for the skin gets a tan, to induce the cells to produce melanin, a natural pigment that colors the skin. Although not burn, they are not safe, since they penetrate deep into the skin and can cause long-term damage such as premature aging, age spots, loss of elasticity and even major injuries.
- UVB: Responsible for the redness.
For this reason, it is essential to use a suitable sunscreen whenever the sun is taken to avoid possible adverse consequences such as:
- Skin cancer.
- Premature aging of the skin.
What is Photoaging
Photoaging is aging or skin damage caused by overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Ultraviolet light damages collagen fibers and causes excessive production of abnormal elastin fibers. The defense mechanism of the skin tries to improve this situation, causing the formation of fibers called “solar scars” that create wrinkles and skin depressions.
Also the smoke snuff and stress increase the rate of formation of wrinkles.
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What is Melanoma?
It is a type of (the worst of all) skin cancer that originates in melanocytes cells called due to uncontrolled proliferation of them. It is almost always curable in its early stages, but has a tendency to spread to other parts of the body if not caught early.