With the exception of those who have nerves of steel, most of us have ever felt that feeling of anxiety when you are about to enter an important job interview, face a final exam or play a great sports competition. What are the symptoms of nervousness? All these situations cause nerves, a tickling, sweating and muscle tension that serves to prepare your body for a possible flight or fight, which the body understands as a dangerous situation. This is completely normal and does not imply any problem, yes it is when it appears in completely normal situations or too frequently and so intense that it blocks you.
In the following article, we want to give you all the keys so that you can detect if you suffer from anxiety, in addition, we will talk about treatments to overcome it. If you are interested we recommend that you continue reading this article about the symptoms and treatment of nervous anxiety.
What are the symptoms of nervousness?
You cannot speak of a single cause of nervous anxiety. There is usually a genetic base that predisposes the person, a brain, chemical and neurotransmitter structure that makes people more likely to develop this disorder than others. Similarly, there are certain environmental factors that influence and can trigger nervous anxiety. Here we explain what are the main causes of anxiety :
- Genetic inheritance: You are more likely to experience anxiety if a family member suffers from it.
- Family environment: Growing up in an unstructured family or in a convulsive family environment increases the possibilities.
- Brain Neutral Transmitters: Whether it’s because of poor sleep, an inadequate diet, or excessive stress, these neurotransmitters are uneven.
- Living a crisis situation: Like the death of a family member, having an accident, having a child or getting a divorce.
- Suffer stress regularly.
- Discontent and inability to solve certain problems in one’s life.
Nervous anxiety: physical symptoms
Having problems falling asleep, waking up in the middle of the night and being unable to fall back to sleep or, on the contrary, being too sleepy no matter how much you sleep, are one of the main symptoms that are linked to nervous anxiety. However, this does not mean that all cases of insomnia are related to anxiety.
It is common for people who suffer from nervous anxiety to suffer from problems and muscular tension since, unconsciously, they tighten their muscles and maintain postures that end up being harmful. Clenching your teeth or tightening your neck muscles is one of the first symptoms that appear.
As we are seeing, it is quite common for anxiety to become somatized, that is, to manifest itself through physical symptoms. Surely once you have been very nervous you will have noticed how your gut was turning. The case is that anxiety affects the stomach, causing digestion problems, stomach pain, bloating, gas and either constipation or diarrhea.
As we will see later, repetitive and compulsive thoughts that cannot be removed from the head are one of the most common symptoms of anxiety. But sometimes they move from thought to action, compulsive behaviors that become a kind of ritual from which we cannot escape. Counting before opening the door, washing your hands repeatedly, establishing patterns, etc., are actions that cause us to become overwhelmed and panic and upset.
Nervous anxiety: psychological symptoms
There are many people who have a hard time when they have to speak in public, but not all of them have nervous anxiety. What can be a symptom is starting to anticipate situations in which you can be in front of people, try to avoid them or that fear paralyzes you.
What we have just commented has a lot to do with social phobia, when the person begins to feel symptoms of anxiety in everyday life situations. Social phobia should not be confused with shyness, the first is a condition that paralyzes and can lead to sweating, nausea, tremor and irrational fear just for the simple idea of thinking of being in public.
A panic attack could be defined as the anxious state par excellence, the symptomatology of this condition taken to the extreme at a specific moment. It is a complete alteration that causes enormous fear, especially a fear of not knowing how to control oneself and fear of the symptoms themselves. Some of the main symptoms of a panic attack are arrhythmias and palpitations, shortness of breath, sweating, tightness in the chest, tingling in the extremities, etc.
Among those who suffer from nervous anxiety, the presence of trauma is very common. Past situations that caused some kind of impact and are relived over and over again in a way that disturbs the person’s mood.
Perfectionism is one of the most characteristic signs of the anxious person. In a way it can be seen as a way to self-boycott, to impose impossible limits on yourself to stop doing those things that scare you. This pronounced perfectionism causes the person to be constantly judging himself and, obviously, not meeting his own expectations, causing self-esteem to drop and anxiety to rise.
Doubt is the usual state of the nervous anxiety sufferer. Logically, we all doubt at one time or another, however, in these cases the doubt becomes obsessive.
The person is extremely concerned about small aspects of daily life, has habitual thoughts about all the things that can go wrong, thoughts that are very difficult to forget. These fears usually revolve around things that, in a normal situation, should not provoke any kind of fear or, at least, not to the disabling degree in which they do.
Nervous anxiety: treatment
At a medical level, the treatment that is usually prescribed in mild cases of nervous anxiety are antidepressant drugs or psychological therapy. Depending on the severity of the case, the two may also have to be combined. The therapy that is customary to carry out is cognitive behavioral. By this method what is tried is that the patient understands the relation that there is between his behavior and his thought, so that in this way he manages to cope with anxiety and avoid negative thoughts. Although in many cases anxiety is chronic, the reality is that it is generally possible to improve enormously.
The fact that it is chronic is due to the fact that there is no medicine or remedy that cures anxiety, they simply help us to control its symptoms. The main drugs that are prescribed are:
- Beta blockers
- Serotonin reuptake inhibitors
It is very important that the patient follows the guidelines set by the doctor to the letter, as poor administration of the doses or alterations in the design of the treatment can affect very negatively.
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